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Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography, India Wins Freedom, मौलाना अबुल कलाम आज़ाद का जीवन परिचय, स्वतंत्रता संग्राम PDF Free Download
The Real Name Of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Is Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin. But He Is Known Only By The Name Maulana Azad. Maulana Azad Was One Of The Main Fighters During The Freedom Struggle. Maulana Azad Was A Great Scientist, A Politician And A Poet.
He Also Left His Professional Work To Participate In The Freedom Struggle, And Due To Patriotism, He Started Working With Others For The Freedom Of The Country. Maulana Azad, A Follower Of Gandhiji, Took An Active Part In Civil Disobedience And Non-cooperation Movement, Supporting Non-violence With Gandhiji.
Unlike Other Muslim Leaders Like Mohammad Ali Jinnah Etc., Maulana Azad Considered India’s Independence More Than Communal Independence. He Worked For Religious Harmony And Was Also A Staunch Opponent Of The Partition Of The Country. Maulana Azad Fought For India’s Independence For A Long Time, As Well As Witnessed The Partition Of India And Pakistan.
But Being A True Indian, He Stayed In India After Independence And Worked For Its Development And Became The First Education Minister, Taking Up The Responsibility Of Reforming The Country’s Education System.
Azad Was Born On 11 November 1888 In Mecca, Saudi Arabia. His Father Mohammad Khairuddin Was A Bengali Maulana, Who Was A Great Scholar. While His Mother Was Of Arab Origin, The Daughter Of Sheikh Mohammad Zahar Watri, A Cleric In Madinah, Whose Name Used To Be Known In Foreign Countries Besides Arabia.
Maulana Khairuddin Used To Live With His Family In The Bengali Kingdom, But During The 1857 Rebellion, He Had To Leave India And Go To Arabia, Where Maulana Azad Was Born. When Maulana Azad Was 2 Years Old, His Family Returned To India In 1890 And Settled In Calcutta. At The Age Of 13, Maulana Azad Got Married To Zulekha Begum.
Maulana Azad’s Family Was Of Conservative Views, This Affected His Education. Maulana Azad Was Given Traditional Islamic Education. But All The Descendants Of Maulana Azad’s Family Had A Good Knowledge Of Islamic Education, And This Knowledge Was Inherited By Maulana Azad.
Azad Was First Educated At His Home By His Father, After That Teachers Were Appointed For Him, Who Used To Teach Him In The Respective Fields. Azad First Learned Arabic, Persian Language, After That He Gained Knowledge Of Philosophy, Geometry, Mathematics And Algebra.
Along With This, He Also Studied Bengali And Urdu Languages. Azad Was Very Fond Of Studies, He Used To Study Very Diligently, He Used To Read Himself About English, World History And Politics. Maulana Azad Was A Brilliant Student With A Special Ability To Learn, Which Helped Him To Stay Ahead Of His Contemporaries. Maulana Azad Was Given A Special Education And Training, Which Was Necessary To Become A Maulvi.
Azad Ji Worked In Many Magazines At A Young Age. He Was The Editor Of The Weekly Newspaper ‘al-miswah’, As Well As He Explained The Principles Of The Holy Quran In His Other Works. This Was The Time When He Had A Radical Political Outlook, Which Suddenly Developed Into Nationalism With The Indian Nationalist Movement.
He Did Not Pay Attention To The British Raj And The Communal Issues Of Muslims, He Believed That The Freedom Of The Country Was More Than All These Issues. Maulana Azad Traveled To Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria And Turkey, Where His Thinking Changed And His Beliefs Emerged As A Nationalist Revolutionary.
After His Return To India, He Was Influenced By The Prominent Hindu Revolutionaries Sri Aurobindo And Shyam Sundar Chakraborty, And Joined Them In Actively Participating In The National Struggle For Independence. During This, Azad Ji Saw That The Revolutionary Activities Were Limited To Bengal And Bihar.
Within Two Years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Helped Establish Secret Revolutionary Centers Across Northern India And Bombay. At That Time, Most Of The Revolutionaries In These Revolutionary Centers Were Anti-muslim, Because They Believed That The British Government Was Using The Muslim Community Against India’s Independence. Azad Ji Tried Hard To Change The Anti-muslim Thinking Of His Colleagues.
Unlike Other Muslim Activists, Maulana Azad Opposed The Partition Of Bengal, Rejecting The All India Muslim League’s Plea For Communal Separatism. He Was Strongly Against Racial Discrimination In India.
Maulana Azad Died Suddenly In Delhi On 22 February 1958 Due To A Stroke. It Was Maulana Azad Who Started Bringing Changes In The Field Of Education In India. If We Call Him The Founder Of Education In India, Then It Will Not Be Wrong.
Today, India Has Progressed So Far In Education Only Because Of The Tireless Efforts Of Maulana Ji. Maulana Ji Knew, For The Progress And Development Of The Country, It Is Very Important For Education To Be Strong. This Is The Reason That Even In His Last Days, He Kept Striving In This Direction.
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